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Critical thinking is a cognitive process that involves analyzing, evaluating, and interpreting information and arguments in a systematic and logical manner. It is a disciplined approach to thinking that aims to improve the quality and effectiveness of our reasoning and decision-making.


Critical thinking requires being objective, open-minded, and willing to consider multiple perspectives and evidence before forming judgments or reaching conclusions.


Key components of critical thinking include:

  • Analysis: Breaking down complex ideas or problems into smaller parts to understand their underlying components and relationships.
  • Evaluation: Assessing the credibility, relevance, and reliability of information, arguments, or claims by considering the source, evidence, logical reasoning, and potential biases.
  • Inference: Drawing logical and well-supported conclusions based on available evidence, reasoning, and contextual understanding.
  • Interpretation: Making sense of information, data, or experiences by examining the underlying meaning, assumptions, and implications.
  • Reflection: Engaging in introspection and self-assessment to identify personal biases, assumptions, and limitations in thinking, and considering alternative viewpoints.
  • Problem-solving: Applying critical thinking skills to identify and define problems, generate and evaluate possible solutions, and make informed decisions.
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